From Fiction University: Enabling third party cookies on your browser could help if you have trouble leaving a comment.

Sunday, October 15

Day Fifteen: Idea to Novel Workshop: Discovering Your Internal Conflicts

By Janice Hardy, @Janice_Hardy

Welcome to Day Fifteen of Fiction University’s At-Home Workshop: Idea to Novel in 31 Days. For the rest of the month, we’ll focus on plot and the major turning points of a novel.

Today, we’re heading inside our characters to discover their internal conflicts.

Discover Internal Conflict


Internal conflicts are the issues the protagonist faces on a mental or emotional level. They’re internal battles that require emotional sacrifices and tough choices that challenge a personal belief. The internal conflicts help make the external choices more difficult, as well as help create the character arc.

The internal conflict is most often a personal struggle that deals with the protagonist’s self-worth or beliefs in some way. This is the conflict that will allow the protagonist to grow however she needs to in the novel. In character-driven stories, this is where the main focus of the novel lies.

For example:
  • A girl must take advantage of a smitten boy to survive in a battle-to-the-death televised combat (The Hunger Games)
  • A terrified hobbit must leave his home and find his inner hero to destroy a magic ring (The Lord of the Rings)
  • A girl with a power she must keep secret has to use it to find and save her missing sister (The Shifter)
Why internal conflicts are important: Internal conflicts drive the character growth and character arc by giving the protagonist something personal to overcome. They also help create unpredictability in the protagonist. If she always does the right thing (as heroes often do), then there’s no doubt how she might act when faced with a tough situation. But if her beliefs conflict with “the right thing,” then her actions become uncertain. Will a protagonist who’s been oppressed her whole life risk her life to save the son of her oppressor?

On Day Eight, we looked at creating the character arc, and internal conflicts are key factors in creating internal change. If your story has a strong character arc, you’ll want strong internal conflicts to support it.

Explore the major conflicts driving your characters and your novel:

1. What are the internal conflicts in the book? List five possible ways your characters can be conflicted.

2. How might the protagonist’s personal beliefs hinder her in achieving her goal? List five possible ways her personal goals might conflict with her plot goals.

3. Are the internal conflicts part of a character arc? How?

EXERCISE: Summarize your internal conflicts.


Not all stories will have a character arc, but you’ll usually see some type of internal conflict. Describe the issues that will make it emotionally or mentally harder for the protagonist to resolve the challenges of the novel, and why that matters to the overall story.

What makes external and in external conflict work so well together is how they can pull the protagonist in different directions. The internal conflict drives the character growth or emotional layer, while the external conflict drives the plot. In other words, the external conflict decides the plot and creates the goals, while the internal conflict makes those goals harder to accomplish and teaches the protagonist a lesson in the process.

Those following along with the PYN book: Workshop Five goes into more detail on creating conflict and developing a strong story structure to illustrate that conflict.

If you’re struggling with conflict, I recommend my new book, Understanding Conflict (And What It Really Means). It goes into great detail on what conflict is (and isn’t) and how writers can use it in their fiction.

Tomorrow, we’ll look at creating the stakes.

Follow along at home with the book, Plotting Your Novel: Ideas and Structure. Get more brainstorming questions and things to think about, in-depth articles, and clear examples of every step from idea to novel.

Paperback: Amazon | Barnes & Noble | Indie Bound  | Google Books | Books-A-Million | Chapters/!ndio

Ebook: Amazon | Barnes & Noble | iTunes | Overdrive | Kobo | Inktera | Chapters/!ndio

Go step-by-step through plotting and writing a novel. Learn how to find and develop ideas, brainstorm stories from that first spark of inspiration, develop the right characters, setting, plots and subplots, as well as teach you how to identify where your novel fits in the market, and if your idea has what it takes to be a series.

With clear and easy-to-understand examples, Plotting Your Novel: Ideas and Structure offers ten self-guided workshops with more than 100 different exercises to help you craft a solid novel. Learn how to:
  • Create compelling characters readers will love
  • Choose the right point of view for your story
  • Determine the conflicts that will drive your plot (and hook readers!)
  • Find the best writing process for your writing style
  • Create a solid plot from the spark of your idea
Plotting Your Novel: Ideas and Structure also helps you develop the critical elements for submitting and selling your novel once it’s finished. You’ll find exercises on how to:
  • Craft your one-sentence pitch
  • Create your summary hook blurb
  • Develop a solid working synopsis And so much more!
Plotting Your Novel: Ideas and Structure is an easy-to-follow guide to writing your novel or fixing a novel that isn’t quite working. 

Available in paperback and ebook formats.

Janice Hardy is the award-winning author of the teen fantasy trilogy The Healing Wars, including The Shifter, Blue Fire, and Darkfall from Balzer+Bray/Harper Collins. The Shifter, was chosen for the 2014 list of "Ten Books All Young Georgians Should Read" from the Georgia Center for the Book.

She also writes the Grace Harper urban fantasy series for adults under the name, J.T. Hardy.

When she's not writing novels, she's teaching other writers how to improve their craft. She's the founder of Fiction University and has written multiple books on writing.
Website | Facebook | Twitter | Pinterest | Goodreads | Amazon | Barnes & Noble | iTunes | Indie Bound

No comments:

Post a Comment