Thursday, June 2

Knowing What You Know: And Writing About It

By Janice Hardy, @Janice_Hardy

Writers hear this all the time: Write what you know.

Does this mean if you're a graphic designer, you should only write about graphic designers? Doctors should only write about doctors? Third-grade teachers should only write about third-grade teachers?

Nope, because most people want to read about what they don't know, and if we never experience that same delight of discovery, how can we put it into our novels? It's our jobs as writers to make that unknown, feel known. To make what isn't possible feel real.

We can do this by using what we know, even if we know it in a way that's not the least bit story worthy.

I flipped on my bathroom light this morning, and in a buzzing flash, two light bulbs went out. The single remaining light turned my normally bright and cheery bathroom into something dim, dingy, and even a bit scary. Though I'd been awake for all of two minutes, I noticed how that change in light affected the mood of the room. (and then I thought of this post)

If I ever need to write a scene in which the quality of light creates a creepy mood, or use the simple act of a light bulb burning out to foreshadow, I'll know just how to describe it. Because I've seen it, and now I know it.

Every writer knows a lot. They know what a variety of emotions feel like, what all kinds of things look like, how people act in different situations. Maybe they've never been stranded on a desert island, but I bet at some point, they were left behind somewhere. That gem of feeling, the memory of that event, can be used to craft the bigger emotion needed for the desert island story. We can take what we know and expand on it.

Just like you use a character's past experiences to know how they'll react in a situation, use your own past experiences to understand what your characters are going through. If you're a graphic designer, use that knowledge of art, and beauty, and patterns and colors, or commercial aspects of a creative field. Look at the themes and generalities of what yo know and see what's usable for your stories.

You "know" more than you think you do.

(And the urge to end this with "and knowing is half the battle" is overwhelming)


  1. Thank you for this post. I am one of those writers who doesn't think she knows a lot. You're right, though. We all know more than we think we do.

    I've come to think of writing as type of method acting. Though I have never faced down a werewolf, I know terror. I can use the emotions I felt when I was terrified to write about the terror my character feels when she comes face to face with a supernatural baddie.

  2. Drawing on emotions is important, and doesn't really require that you've experienced the same situation you're writing about, as long as you can relate to the joy, fear, anger, etc.

    (And on that light example--I wish more authors would take a minute to understand what they can and can't see in dim light. They seem to use darkness to enhance the mood, but then describe things like eye color and other nuances that just aren't going to be visible.)

    Terry's Place

  3. Good insight Janice. Although I think the true power comes in the form of learning so you still write what you know. If you research something to the point you can offer insight then you will know about it. You do write what you know, it's just what you know continues to evolve. :-)

  4. Great post Janice! It is easy to forget the vast assortment of things that we each know, have experienced and understand. I think that the more familiar we are with something the harder it can be to see the power in that knowledge base, just a theory.

  5. Great explanation on how that old addage can actually be applied! lol. I think this will be helpful to a lot of people. So a mighty thank you to your burned out bulbs for sparking this idea. :P

  6. Catierhodes: I've heard a lot of folks equate it to method acting and I think that's a good comparison. Put yourself in your character's shoes and imagine what they must be feeling.

    Terry: Ooo I'm so there with you about the dim light. Totally pushes my POV buttons, LOL. I wonder if that's why I enjoy writing scenes where my POV can't see? It lets me use all these fun non-seeing descriptions.

    PW: Absolutely. I know I've learned a lot of interesting things from researching I never would have otherwise. Maybe it's also write what you want to know :)

    Gene: I can see that. It's not unusual to undervalue our own knowledge. If we know it, it can't be that important, right? But what's normal or common for us might be exotic for someone else. I grew up around beaches and palm trees and I'm sick of "paradise," but others love it and think I'm crazy!

    Gloria: I hope so! The things you can learn from simple household items.

  7. This was so helpful!!! I always get stuck on emotions, and don't feel like I'm truly there with my characters. Thank you!!!! :D (by the way, your blog is the only resource for writing I use now ;))

  8. I never thought of it that way, but you're so right. There's so much we have buried that could enhance our characters, but we don't think it's special enough because it's 'just us'. But I know how it feels to be left behind, literally, I just never gave it much weight because it seemed so ordinary to me. Thanks!

  9. Anon: Aw, thanks! It's all about imagination. If we can make up the whole story, it's not any harder to imagine how a character feels. It just seems like it sometimes because we want to be "authentic." But we can be real and not have experienced something at the same time.

    Pamela: Most welcome. That sums it up well. "Seems so ordinary." But that's what touches us because we can relate to ordinary. We've all been there :)